Treatment Tools

This section includes information and resources for the Treatment of Co-Existing Problems (CEP) for children and youth, e.g. recommended therapeutic guidance, harm reduction and relapse prevention.


Common Therapeutic Models

A number of individual therapies have shown promising results as interventions in the management of CEP in children and young people. 
The best evidence has been found for Motivational Interviewing (MI) and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Solutions Focused Therapy
  • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
  • Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach
  • Narrative Therapy
  • Family Focused Interventions
  • Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
  • Acceptance Commitment Theory

YouthAOD Toolbox provides further information on models which can be accessed here:

Evidence-based worksheets

The following worksheets can be used in individual treatment sessions with the young people you are working with that provide motivational interviewing and CBT frameworks and concepts:


Harm Reduction


Harm Reduction includes a wide range of strategies and information aimed at minimising the harmful effects of substance use on young people's lives.

Young people respond more positively to strategies that recognise and respect their ability to make their own decisions. The following resources provide AOD information, and include some harm reduction strategies for young people to help them keep safe and make positive changes.


Assessing and Managing Harm: Giving the best advice

We have some Harm Reduction advice tips on our SACS ABC desktop quick reference guide, these tips (below) offer some general advice on strategies you can use with young people to encourage positive change. For more targetted tips, see more under the table.

Where to for more information?

See the NZ Drug Foundation website

School Approaches


Relapse Prevention

<Coming soon>

Other Links:

  • Leading Lights: (Canterbury NZ) Leading Lights provides guidance pathways to help educators and supporting services in Canterbury recognise and respond to the needs of individual children in Years 1 to 8.
  • YoDAA: (Australia) 'Youth AoD Toolbox' The definitive resource for evidence-based youth AOD practice
Resource Type: